The American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) submitted two comment letters to the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) today urging the agency to reconsider policy changes that will result in $300 million in Medicare cuts for radiation therapy services starting January 1, 2022. Thomas J. Eichler, MD, FASTRO, Chair of the ASTRO Board of Directors, issued the following statement:
"ASTRO submitted comment letters to CMS and asked President Joe Biden to address two proposals that will result in $300 million in cuts to cancer care: $140 million in cuts due to several policy changes in the 2022 Medicare Physician Fee Schedule and cuts of $160 million over 5 years under the mandatory Radiation Oncology Model (RO Model). This double hit will be devastating to our patients and radiation oncology teams, endanger patient access to life-saving treatment and threaten the viability of clinics still reeling from the COVID-19 pandemic. Payment rates for some radiation treatments for breast and prostate cancer will drop by about 13%, for example, and by more than 22% for advanced lung cancer treatment.
We are confused and disappointed that these proposed policies stand in such sharp contrast to President Biden's goals to 'end cancer as we know it' and advance health equity. The excessive cuts will jeopardize patients' ability to get state-of-the-art cancer care close to home, with practices treating underserved populations hit hardest by the cuts. Patients in rural areas, for example, now risk losing access to cancer treatment in their communities, forcing long and expensive travel to receive care. And this comes at a time when cancer incidence rates are rising due to screening delays related to COVID-19.
Radiation oncology is the backbone of the nation's cancer delivery system, providing cost-effective care for more than half of all people diagnosed with cancer. If the cuts are finalized, radiation oncology Medicare reimbursement will have plummeted by 25% since 2012. These proposed cuts to radiation oncology are among the highest of any medical specialty, and our patients will suffer the impact.
ASTRO and the radiation oncology community have proactively pursued value-based reimbursement for radiation oncology that incentivizes high-quality, efficient care while stabilizing payments to ensure patient access to the latest technology in the fight against cancer. We call on the Biden Administration to address the concerns of radiation oncologists across the country and avoid these draconian payment cuts before finalizing the Medicare physician fee schedule and the RO Model.