A House subcommittee says the Trump administration overpaid Philips as much as $500 million for more than 40,000 Trilogy EV300 ventilators (Photo courtesy of Philips).

Trump administration accused of overpaying Philips by $500 million for ventilators

August 03, 2020
by John R. Fischer, Senior Reporter
House Democrats lashed out at the Trump administration Friday, following a subcommittee investigation suggesting it overspent as much as $500 million in taxpayer dollars for thousands of ventilators to address the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Subcommittee on Economic and Consumer Policy, which falls under the House Committee on Oversight and Reform, found that the White House agreed to pay Philips’ Respironics division $15,000 a piece for 42,900 Trilogy EV300 ventilators — almost five times the price of a previous Obama-era contract for the purchase of 10,000 Trilogy Evo Universal ventilators at a cost of $3,280 per unit.

“These documents indicate that before and during the pandemic, inept contract management and incompetent negotiating by the Trump administration denied the country the ventilators it needed,” said the subcommittee in a staff report. “The administration effectively disabled an Obama-era contract with Philips for ventilators and then struck a second contract with the company in which the administration overpaid for nearly identical ventilators by as much as $500 million. These are funds that could have been used for personal protective equipment (PPE) and critical medical supplies that were in short supply across the country.”

The contract under Obama was made back in 2014 and initially aimed to add 10,000 ventilators to the emergency stockpile by June 2019. This deadline was later extended by Obama before he left office to November 2019.

Philips, however, never delivered the devices, instead producing commercial versions (Trilogy EV300s) of the ventilators (Trilogy Evo Universals) at its factory outside of Pittsburgh and selling them at higher prices overseas, reported ProPublica. The Trump administration pushed the delivery deadline for the 2014 order back three more times, with the last one delaying delivery to June 2021.

Upon confirmation of the first U.S. case of coronavirus on January 21, Philips sent an email to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in which it offered to accelerate delivery under the 2014 contract. The Trump administration did not respond to the proposal until March 2020, only to agree to another extension that would push back delivery to September 2022. Philips obtained the extension by suggesting that it would help speed up delivery, according to the report.

Members of the subcommittee claim that the Trump administration failed to question Philips and granted modifications that made the 2014 contract “useless” for helping the country address the pandemic. They also say the administration never asked Philips to increase the number of ventilators under the existing contract, and that under advisors Peter Navarro and Jared Kushner, conceded to Philips on a number of matters, including accepting the company’s first proposed offer of $646.7 million for the deal.

“By taking advantage of the Trump Administration’s incompetence, Philips was able to secure a financial windfall to which it clearly is not entitled, and these funds should have been dedicated to obtaining desperately needed PPE and other critical medical supplies during this pandemic,” said the subcommittee in its report. “To remedy this apparent profiteering, the Trump Administration now should engage competent contracting officers at federal agencies to determine whether any of these funds can be clawed back under the provisions of the contract signed during the Obama administration or the modifications entered into by the Trump administration.”

Philips claims that the 2014 contract — which was signed with the U.S. Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) — was more of an R&D contract than a purchase order, due to the ventilator not yet being developed at the time. It asserts that the $15,000 unit price for the Trump order falls below the list price of $21,000, when including accessories, and factors in an accelerated time frame.

Subcommittee Democrats, however, say that smaller buyers in the U.S. were able to purchase the same ventilator for prices as low as $9,327, while the government was charged more than any other organization. Philips, in response, denies any wrongdoing.

"We have been transparent about our production ramp-up plans, pricing, and allocation policies,” said Frans van Houten, CEO of Royal Philips, in a statement. “We have cooperated and delivered the requested information to the subcommittee. We do not recognize the conclusions in the subcommittee's report, and we believe that not all the information that we provided has been reflected in the report. I would like to make clear that at no occasion, Philips has raised prices to benefit from the crisis situation. Philips is proud to make its contribution to combating the pandemic through its acute patient care and diagnostic products."